Federico Spinola

Federico Spinola

Year of birth: 1571
Year of death: 1603

Federico Spinola, son of Filippo Spinola of San Luca, son of Ambrose, marquis of Sesto and Venafro, Lord of Casalnoceto, and of Polissena Grimaldi, daughter of Nicholas, Prince of Salerno.

He was Lord of Casalnoceto andAdmiral of the Spanish Army in Flanders.

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Federico Spinola, son of Filippo Spinola of San Luca, son of Ambrose, marquis of Sesto and Venafro, Lord of Casalnoceto, and of Polissena Grimaldi, daughter of Nicolò, Prince of Salerno.

He was Lord of Casalnoceto andAdmiral of the Spanish Army in Flanders. Younger brother of the famous AmbrogioHis exploits were remembered, together with those of his brother, in the frescoes of the Gallery of the Palazzo of Acquasola of the Dukes of San Pietro (today Palazzo Doria Spinola or of Massimiliano Spinola) and in the frescoes of the Villa Spinola of San Pietro, ordered by his sister Maria, Duchess of San Pietro, in their memory and honor.

After a mainly religious education, as he had been chosen by his mother to take the vows, he soon showed his inclination for weapons, which made him abandon his studies of theology. He embarked very young on Genoese galleys, then, not yet twenty years old, took service in the Spanish Army of Flanders. He also fought in France, when the Army intervened to help the Catholic League in Rouen, besieged by Henry of Bourbon (1591). Here he distinguished himself and was wounded, obtaining the favour of the Duke of Parma, Alessandro Farnese, commander of the Army.. Between 1592 and 1594, his military career progressed quickly, thanks to the favour of the Farnese successors.
In 1594 he proposed a structured plan to bring the war to the sea and invade England, but Filippo II did not prove very willing to support him, especially due to the recent losses suffered
Between 1595 and 1596 he returned to Genoa, then back to Madrid in 1597, when he was called to talk about his project. Body With the death of Philip II (1598) every remaining obstacle was removed In 1599Philip III gave Frederick the command of seven galleys.
In August 1599 he sailed from Santander as commander of the seven galleys to Sluis, the Flemish port that he had chosen as the base for his fleet. From here he began to operate against the English and Dutch merchant trade and to carry out raids in the Dutch territory, obtaining remarkable successes. He also invested capital in the fleet, lending 308.000 ducats to the Corona at the beginning of 1600.
In April 1601 he returned to Madrid. Frederick involved his brother Ambrogio in the project, to whom the command of the army destined to land beyond the Channel was entrusted Together they lent 470.000 ducats to the Crown. In November the two reached Milan to deal with the recruitment of troops
Between 1602 and 1603 the context in which the two brothers were moving changed radically. In 1603 with the death ofElizabeth I, the political climate changed. The invasion of England was not as important as the occupation of Ostend which became a priority. So Frederick engaged his galleys in the interception of supplies that the Dutch sent by sea.
During one of these actions, on May 26, 1603, in the waters between Sluis and the Isle of Walcheren, he was struck to death by a cannon ball, while he was about to board the enemy flagship.

da https://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/federico-spinola_%28Dizionario-Biografico%29/ prof. Emiliano Beri
Portrait attributed to Federico Fiori Barocci (1595) – image taken from www.wikigallery.org
more news about Federico Spinola on “El Gr an Duque de Osuna y su marina” by Cesareo Fernandez Duro, ED 2006 from page 205 to page 207 (goglebooks) “Delle Guerre di Fiandre” Book VI by Pompeo Giustiniano (googlebooks)

Genealogy

Federico Spinola (1571-1603) son of Filippo Spinola (1536-1584), Marquis of Sesto and Venafro, Lord of Casalnoceto, Ambrose and Polissena Grimaldi (1540-1585), daughter of Nicholas Grimaldi, Lord of Salerno and Eboli, and Giulia Cybo of the Princes of Massa.
Siblings: Ambrogio Spinola(1569-1630), 1st Marquis of Los Balbases, marquis of Sesto and Venafro, married Giovanna Basadonne in 1592; Maria Spinola (?-1642), married Giovanni Battista Spinola, I Duke of San Pietro; Placidia Spinola in 1598 married Don Federico Landi, Prince of the Holy Roman Empire and of Val di Taro, Marquis of Bardi, Count of Compiano, Baron, and Lord of Turbigio; Maddalena Spinola (1570-1634) married Michele Imperiale (1565- 1593); Lelia Spinola in1585, married Gian Francesco Grimaldi Oliva (?-1594) in 1585, 2nd Duke of Terranova, 2nd Lord of Gerace, Gioia and 3rd Lord of Monte Sant’Angelo.

Archives

"Título funeral de Federico, hermano del Marqués Espínola. Diole muerte la guarnición de su espada, teniéndola en la mano y peleando, con el golpe que en ella dio una bala de artillería"

1603
Villa Spinola di San Pietro

Villa Spinola di San Pietro

1582
Ritratto del Marchese Federico Spinola

Ritratto del Marchese Federico Spinola

1595
Palazzo di Ambrogio Spinola

Palazzo di Ambrogio Spinola

1599
Palazzo Massimiliano Spinola (EN)

Palazzo Massimiliano Spinola (EN)

1543